# Copyright 2018 The Cirq Developers
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""Marker classes for indicating which additional features gates support.
For example: some gates are reversible, some have known matrices, etc.
"""
from typing import Iterable
import abc
from cirq.ops import op_tree, raw_types
[docs]class InterchangeableQubitsGate(metaclass=abc.ABCMeta):
"""Indicates operations should be equal under some qubit permutations."""
[docs] def qubit_index_to_equivalence_group_key(self, index: int) -> int:
"""Returns a key that differs between non-interchangeable qubits."""
return 0
[docs]class SingleQubitGate(raw_types.Gate, metaclass=abc.ABCMeta):
"""A gate that must be applied to exactly one qubit."""
[docs] def validate_args(self, qubits):
if len(qubits) != 1:
raise ValueError(
'Single-qubit gate applied to multiple qubits: {}({})'.
format(self, qubits))
[docs] def on_each(self, targets: Iterable[raw_types.QubitId]) -> op_tree.OP_TREE:
"""Returns a list of operations apply this gate to each of the targets.
Args:
targets: The qubits to apply this gate to.
Returns:
Operations applying this gate to the target qubits.
"""
return [self.on(target) for target in targets]
[docs]class TwoQubitGate(raw_types.Gate, metaclass=abc.ABCMeta):
"""A gate that must be applied to exactly two qubits."""
[docs] def validate_args(self, qubits):
if len(qubits) != 2:
raise ValueError(
'Two-qubit gate not applied to two qubits: {}({})'.
format(self, qubits))
[docs]class ThreeQubitGate(raw_types.Gate, metaclass=abc.ABCMeta):
"""A gate that must be applied to exactly three qubits."""
[docs] def validate_args(self, qubits):
if len(qubits) != 3:
raise ValueError(
'Three-qubit gate not applied to three qubits: {}({})'.
format(self, qubits))